Here's how you can help
COLA is actively recruiting shoreline monitors for invasive aquatic plants. If we can get enough people involved, we may be able to control invasives by hand-pulling. Please let us know if you are interested in helping out.
If you spot curly leaf pondweed or Eurasion watermilfoil in the lake, you can let COLA know through this "Lake Observation" form. It's one more way we can all keep our lake in great shape.
There are currently two invasive aquatic plant species found in LCO, curly leaf pondweed (Potamogeton crispus L.) and Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum L.). Both grow very rapidly in water with high nutrient concentrations.
Curly Leaf Pondweed
A small curly leaf pondweed (CLP) infestation was first discovered in LCO in July 2006. The infestation was located near the entrance of Musky Bay and encompassed a dense patch that was approximately 0.20 acre.
After 2006, CLP spread throughout LCO. The annual midsummer die‐off of curly leaf pondweed (CLP) releases nutrients back into the water column, which trigger algal blooms and create turbid water conditions. In recent years CLP infestation has been brought under moderate control using both herbicides and hand-pulling (more).
A small patch of Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum L.) was discovered in little LCO in 2015. Eurasian watermilfoil spreads very quickly and can form dense mats that crowd out native species. Eurasian watermilfoil has been described as "CLP on steroids" (more).
To date, this infestation has been controlled by herbicides and hand-pulling, but extreme vigilance is needed to prevent the spread of this invasive.
LCO Aquatic Plant Management Plan
In 2011, the COLA aquatic plant committee finalized the LCO Aquatic Plant Management Plan and developed a strategy to effectively and efficiently reach specific goals. The goals include the following:
Goal 1) Curly leaf pondweed growth is kept at a minimum level.
Goal 2) Prevent the introduction and spread of other aquatic invasive species.
Goal 3) Preserve the lakes’ diverse native plant communities.
Goal 4) Lake residents and users are made aware of the importance of native aquatic plants, the means to protect them, and the threat of aquatic invasive species.
Goal 5) Restore native shoreline vegetation
Goal 6) Waterfront residents will protect lake water quality and plant communities by minimizing runoff of pollutants from their lake property.
Lac Courte Oreilles & Little Lac Courte Oreilles 2018 Aquatic Plant Survey Report
To assess the state of the current plant communities, full point-intercept surveys were completed by Wisconsin Lake and Pond Resource, LLC on July 23-25, 2018 for Lac Courte Oreilles and on from July 25-26, 2018 for Little Lac Courte Oreilles. From the summary: “Because of COLA’s proactive approach in dealing with AIS, the current populations of CLP within the Lake are decreasing, improving the health and ecosystem overall. However, the Lac Courte Oreilles Lakes Association should continue to be involved in some type of aquatic plant management program to help manage invasive aquatic plant growth … This should occur through a two-pronged approach of augmenting the native plant community while targeting reductions in the invasive plants.” The complete report is available here.
2018 Year-end Report - Invasive Species Control for Lac Courte Oreilles
Steve Umland, COLA AIS Coordinator, provides the 2018 summary of activities regarding invasive plant species in LCO.
2018 Spring Report - Invasive Species Control for Lac Courte Oreilles
This report provides an early spring 2018 review of the status of invasive plant species in big and little LCO.
2017 Report - Invasive Species Control for Lac Courte Oreilles
See report by Steve Umland, COLA AIS Coordinator for an account of COLA's efforts to reduce aquatic invasive species in 2017.
How can you help?
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Issue 22 'Lac Courte Oreilles Boat Landings'